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26 Ways To Master Close-Up Photography

The beauty of close-up photography is all about discovering the little things in everyday life, such as the patterns of a snowflake or the wings of a butterfly. Potential subjects are all around you, both indoors and outdoors particularly in the garden. No matter what you prefer shooting, exploring the world through macro lens is one of a photographer’s greatest pleasures, just keep  trying! Here are some tips to help you get started or to improve your skills…

Beautiful Blooms

Flowers are perfect for macro photography due to it’s beauty and symmetry, plus it is an easily accessible subject.

1. Start Early

Morning light (8:30 – 9:30AM) is particularly attractive and warm on flowers, complementing the colorful elements. Just be sure it’s a still day as wind will affect the focus and composition.

2. Use Reflectors

Sometimes dark shadows are unavoidable, especially during daytime shoots. To counter this, use a small reflector to bounce light off the flower and move it around to find the best natural-looking light with perfect exposure.

Stock Photo - Close up of blue petals, pistils and white heart flower of aster for background or texture

Most nature photographs are taken in landscape format. How about looking at a subject on a horizontal or vertical level instead? Personally, horizontal is more versatile and easier to shoot as it includes the stem as well.

4. Bokeh Effect

This is an artistic way of producing blurred, out-of-focus shots by a lens. To create this effect, use a wide aperture of perhaps a f1.4 setting for fantastic-looking flowers that stand out in the frame.

Stock Photo - Cosmos flowers in the garden on blue sky background

This technique shoots multiple frames on different angles, ensuring that the subject remains sharp in at least one frame. These frames are then combined into a composite image using Photoshop. So if time is not an issue for you, master this skill!

6. Depth of Field

Use a shallow depth-of-field for more artistic and flattering pictures of your blooms. Opt for smaller aperture for maximum focus and light, like the tip of a petal for example. This is another option to shooting something more aesthetic like a blurred-out image.

Stock Photo - Close up of Hibiscus flower pistil and anther

The insect world is full of shooting options from alien-looking bugs with protruding eyes, spindly limbed grasshoppers, to butterflies with their detailed wings.

7. Steady Hold

While a tripod provides support, it’s not the best bet for insect photography since the subjects are not likely to wait and pose for you while you set up, right? One alternative is increasing the shutter speed to double the focal length of your lens. Ex: 90mm macro = shutter of 1/180sec.

Stock Photo - green adult grasshopper on the sun flower

Insects can be found anywhere outside in your garden or local parks and woodland areas. Look among tall grasses, atop flowers and along hedgerows for small crawlers like beetles, grasshoppers and butterflies.

9. Low Viewpoint

This angle provides the most natural-looking shots but you’ve got to lay on the ground and prop your elbows as support. Using a bigger aperture setting will create a wider landscape but possibly distracting.

Stock Photo - Macro dragonfly

How do you capture the details on the underside of butterfly wings, for example? Shadows are inevitable sometimes so the best thing is using a reflector to angle light onto the subject instead and voila, beautiful details captured!

11.Patience is Key

Just like any wildlife, insects can be a challenging subject to shoot. Move into a position slowly and try not to rustle any leaves or cast shadows over the subject. It may take some time before you get a good shot but don’t give up!

Stock Photo - flower with a butterfly on the coloured background

The background, of course! Make your subject stand out from the scene by setting an aperture of f/5.6 to render the background as blurred but do maintain precise focus due to the limited depth-of-field.

Stock Photo - Ladybug on a green leaf

This is the most precise method of focusing and is best used for close-up shots, however it does require patience to produce results. This gives you full control especially when you’re shooting at a narrow depth of field.

Dazzling Droplets

Water is incredibly photogenic and there are endless ways to shoot it, whether is it a single drop or in large quantities.

14. Simple Starter

One shot often recreated by photographers is the close-up of a droplet splashing into water. Yes, it may seem overdone but do it well and you can create more of such striking images. Plus, all you need is a simple table set-up, digital camera, macro lens, flashgun and other little things for effect (but not necessary).

Stock Photo - Water drop falling

This is where creativity lies. To do this, focus on a row of droplets and place a flower (or anything colorful) behind them until you can see it in the droplets. Blur out the subject behind and capture the refracted droplets.

Stock Photo - Water Drops

Change up your angles or framing for a dramatic difference to the shot. Various viewpoints will give you the best compositions, such as including the whole subject in the frame or focus on a certain feature, or even use a shallow depth-of-field for extreme close-up shots.

17. DIY Droplets

Use a plastic syringe for more defined droplets on your subject or you can use a spray bottle instead for volume but make sure it has a fine spray. The best choice of liquid is saline solution for contact lenses as the thicker drop will  hold it’s form for a longer time than regular H2O.

18. Single Point AF

Use this camera setting for better control of the camera focus. You can manually adjust where and which part of the water droplets you aim to shoot.

Stock Photo - Flower with water drop. Soft focus. Made with macro-lens.

Experiment with extension tubes as they are more affordable than macro lens. This is a plastic equipment that sits between a camera’s body and the lens. To create the best effect, set your lens to manual focus as auto will not work well in this case.

20. Add interest

Try adding more droplets on the surface for more interesting styles. It can be quite tedious to get the relative size for all the droplets but it will be worth it. Use a wide aperture to focus on one droplet or a narrower option to shoot the liquid beads.

Stock Photo - fresh morning dew and ladybird

Transform everyday objects into interesting elements! It could be anything from canned soda to feathers or your kids’ toys!

21. Right exposure

Always check your light settings for the best exposure. To isolate a subject, carefully frame it properly within the shot and use a wide aperture along with a rather fast shutter speed to compensate for the light.

22. Tell a Story

Look for subjects that have sentimental meaning and emotions. Play around to find the right aperture or blur out any distracting elements. For images such as the one below, you may need to use remote release to minimize the shake and sharpen the focal point.

Stock Photo - Wedding ring gives the shadow of the heart in the Bible

This technique works well with sliced fruit! Many fruits are semi-transparent when cut and is perfect for being a backlit subject. You might need a lightbox for this but the results are stunning! Use a colorful variety including citrus fruits as they photography best with light.

Stock Photo - Sliced healthy fresh fruits. Rings of grapefruit, kiwi, lemon and orange

You’ll be surprised by shooting in RAW mode will create sharper shots as compared to JPEG. The difference lies in the memory standards with the former records all data from the sensor so it’s easier to edit an image without compromising too much on quality.

Stock Photo - Close up of many pencils background

Speaking of editing, don’t be afraid to use Photoshop to enhance your images. There are so many layers and tools you can use in design softwares to truly bring your subject to life. There are also free options out there like GIMP and Inkscape so you’re all set to explore!

26. Have Fun!

Need we say more?

Stock Photo - Toy figures of lumbermen with a peanut

#macro #camera #photography #education #phototips #closeup

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